How do we evaluate “altruistic giving? Is it always unselfish or is it always done in the expectation of reward in response? I suspect a little of both. There are extremes at both ends: on the one hand, a near saint, on the other hand, a manipulative sociopath. MY question is: how do we tell the difference between the two? And what about mixed motives: how we delineate this pattern, for self and others? And do we live in a society totally given to manipulative giving?